concluding paragraphs to argumentative essays*
*Here the word "conclusion" is
used to describe the closing paragraph.
Concluding paragraphs are just as important as introductions.
The concluding paragraph closes the essay and tries to close the issue.
The aim is to convince the reader that your essay has covered all the
most important arguments about the issue and that your main conclusion
is the best position on the issue. You should not present any
new arguments in your concluding paragraph.
Many students find it difficult to write a concluding
paragraph. By this time they may have done so much work on the body
of the essay that they just want to finish the essay off as quickly
as possible and so they write a rushed and badly written concluding
paragraph. But the concluding paragraph is the last part of the essay
that your reader will see. Spend some time on carefully writing the
concluding paragraph so that you give your reader a good final impression
of your essay.
Let's look again at the concluding paragraph from the model
essay on Marine Parks:
In conclusion, these parks should be closed, or
at the very least, no new animals should be
captured for marine parks in the future. Our
society is no longer prepared to tolerate
unnecessary cruelty to animals for science and
entertainment. If we continue with our past crimes
against these creatures we will be remembered as
cruel and inhuman by the generations of the
Task 1: The three parts of
a concluding paragraph A simple introduction to an argumentative assignment
has three parts. Read the following description of the parts.
Then circle the sentences in the concluding paragraph above
which cover each part and write the number for each part in
the margin next to it, e.g. for the first part draw a circle
around the sentence(s) that restate(s) the main conclusion
(thesis) and write "1" in the margin next to it.
The three parts to a conclusion:
Restates the main conclusion
Presents one or two general sentences which
accurately summarize your arguments which support
the main conclusion
Provides a general warning of the consequences
of not following the conclusion that you put
forward and/or a general statement of how the
community will benefit from following that
Task 2: Ordering sentences
in a conclusion Now put the following sentences into the correct order. They
make up the conclusion to another argumentative essay. The
main conclusion of this essay is that the government should
spend more money on childcare places for the children of
parents who study or work.
If we fail to meet our obligations in this area,
we will be sacrificing our present and future
well-being merely in order to appease outdated
notions of family life and to achieve short-term
In conclusion, it is essential that we support
the nation's parents and children by funding more
Only in this way can we provide the valuable
learning environments that young Australians need
while, at the same time, utilizing the skills of
all productive members of our society.
The entire national community will then be
enriched economically, socially and culturally.
Task 3: The three parts of
a conclusion (again) Print out the answer to task 2.
Then circle the sentences which cover each of the three
parts of argumentative essay conclusions and write the
number for each part in the margin next to it, just as you
did for the conclusion to the marine parks essay in