your own conclusion and writing a paragraph
On this page you will be given a number of arguments
on the issue: Should smoking rooms be set up in workplaces to allow
people to smoke indoors? None of the arguments will have any problematising
phrases or connectives in them. You will have to choose your own conclusion
and build a paragraph that argues for the conclusion you have chosen.
You will have to add problematising phrases and connectives to distinguish
between arguments that support the conclusion you have chosen and
arguments that oppose it.
Task 1: Dividing the
arguments into "For" and "Against" Should smoking rooms be set up in workplaces to allow
smokers to smoke indoors? There is a list of arguments
below which are for and against the issue. Decide whether
each statement is for smoking rooms or against smoking
rooms. Print out the page and put an "F" in the box next to
each argument that is for smoking rooms and put an "A" in
the box next to each argument that is against smoking
Setting aside rooms for smokers does not mean
that the harmful effects of smoking are limited to
smokers alone (Rugby, 1989).
Banning smoking in all public places is another
example of the way the government uses health and
safety issues as a cover for introducing
increasingly tight control over people's lives
Most public buildings are air conditioned and
this means that any harmful tobacco smoke that is
produced in one room will spread to other rooms
through the air conditioning system.
Because we rightfully have a universal health
insurance system in this country, the costs of
treating tobacco-related illnesses are shared by
all the community, smokers and non-smokers
These illnesses create a terrible and expensive
burden on our health system.
Forbidding smokers from pursuing their habit in
public places is an infringement of their
democratic rights and is discriminatory (Jane
Black, the spokesperson for Smokers for a
Democratic Society, The Age 18.6.93). .
Public buildings are places where all members of
the community should have equal access.
They increase the overall cost of medical
services and use up scarce medical resources.
People should be free to do what they like so
long as it does not harm other citizens.
Task 2: Choosing a
conclusion and writing a paragraph to support that
conclusion Now that you have divided the arguments into those that are
for smoking rooms and those that are against smoking rooms,
you are ready to start writing a paragraph. The first thing
you have to do is decide what is your main conclusion. Will
your paragraph argue for smoking rooms or against smoking
After you have decided on your main conclusion you are
ready to start writing your paragraph.
Show both sides of the issue by including the
arguments that oppose your main conclusion. You
might want to go back and look at the work we did
earlier in this unit on showing
both sides of the issue.
Clearly the mark the place in the paragraph
where you change from opposing arguments to
supporting arguments with a "but-type" connective
e.g. "however", "on the other hand" etc. You might
want to go back and look at the work we did on
shifting from opposing
arguments to supporting arguments that we
studied earlier in this unit.
Use listing connectives, such as "firstly", "in
addition", "moreover", "furthermore", "finally", to
list all the arguments that support your main
conclusion. You might want to go back and look at
the work we did earlier in this unit on connectives
for listing arguments.
Note: For a general language
summary of all the above 4 points go here
You might also wish to go back and look at
some of the complete paragraphs we have studied
earlier in this unit: