Three: Session One
- When you hear a message that you don't agree with, how do you
respond? How do you respond when you hear a message with which
you do agree? Are your responses different? If you are like most
people, then your reactions will be quite different.
- Now ask yourself why you react differently? What is the result
of your attitude?
- Chances are that if you already have a propensity for agreeing
with the message, you will let your guard down. You will tend
to accept the message uncritically. On the other hand, if you
have a propensity to disagreeing with a position at the outset,
then you will mentally "shut down." You won't even
hear the message, much less consider the possibility that it
- Let's test this.
- What do you do when the Jehovah's Witnesses come to your
door? Have you ever listened to what they say? Could they
be right? How do you know? How could you know?
- What do you do when you hear an environmentalist speaking?
What if the person is a Republican? What if they're a Democrat?
What if the person is speaking against abortion? What if
they are speaking in favor of legalized abortion?
- Now consider your feelings as you read across the list
of questions. Those feelings are interfering with your ability
to reason fairly about these things.
- Psychological Barriers to Logical Thinking, including...
- Egocentrism, Ethnocentrism, and Sociocentrism
- Resistance to Change and its affect on reasoning, including...
- Insecurity and Fear
- Fear and Tradition
- Pressures to Conform
Ruggiero, Vincent, Beyond Feelings (Mountain View: Mayfield,