Lessons
 
  

 
Critical Thinking Site Index

 

Lectures / Lessons Section

Absolute Claims

Affirming the Consequent

Analogy (inductive argument)

Analogy (inductive argument)

Antecedent

Argument - defined

Assumptions

Chain Argument (Hypothetical Syllogism)

Cogent argument - defined (Sound)

Conceptual Dimension of Reasoning (El. of Thought)

Conclusion - defined

Conclusion - indicators

Conditional Claim (Hypothetical Claim)

Conformity

Consequent

Critical Thinking - defined

Critical Thinking in the Strong Sense
(also Weak Sense and Non-CT)

Deduction -defined

Denying the Antecedent

Descriptive Claims

Disjunctive Syllogism (invalid)

Disjunctive Syllogism (valid)

Elements of Thought

Empirical Evidence

Egocentrism

Ethics, Basis for...

Ethnocentrism (Sociocentrism)

Face Saving

Formal Logic

Frame of Reference (World View, Role)

Generalization

Generalization (also)

Groupthink

Higher Induction

Higher Induction

Hypotheses (eight pages)

Induction - defined

Induction - explained

Inductive arguments (five types)

Inferences

Implications

Issues

Law of Identity

Law of the Excluded Middle

Law of Non-contradiction

Logic - defined

Matters of Fact

Matters of Fact (more)

Matters of Opinion

Matters of Opinion (more)

Modalities

Modus Ponens

Modus Tollens

Necessary Condition

Normative Claims

Objective Claims

Objectivism

Ockham's Razor

Or (inclusive and Exclusive)

Paradigm

Paul, Richard

Postmodernism

Premise - defined

Premise - indicators

Prescriptive Claims

Purpose, Goal, or End in View (El. of Thght.)

Rationalizing

Reality

Relative Claims

Relativism

Results and Consequences of Reasoning

Reverse Chain Argument

Sentences (Four types)

Sociocentrism

Sound argument - defined (Cogent)

Statement (claim, proposition) defined

Statistical Induction

Statistical Induction

Subjective Claims

Subjectivism

Sufficient Condition

True or False (regarding claims)

Validity - defined

Watts, Isaac

Propaganda Section

Ad Hominem

Ad Populum

Ambiguity, Equivocation (and Vagueness)

Analogy (faulty)

Anecdotal Evidence

Appeal to Authority

Appeal to Ignorance / Misplaced Burden of Proof

Appeal to Motives

Appeal to Pity

Association

Begging the Question

Card Stacking

Causal Fallacies (incl. Post Hoc)

Clichés and Platitudes

Division and Composition

Doublespeak (including Euphemisms, Jargon, Gobbldygook, and Inflated Language)

Emotive (Loaded Language) (Same link as above.)

Sneer Words and Purr Words (Same link as above.)

False Dilemma

Faulty Comparison

Hasty Generalization

Horizontal and Vertical Propaganda

Hypothesis Contrary to Fact

Hyperbole

Innuendo

Irrelevant Conclusion

Loaded Question

Oversimplification

Personification

Plain Folks

Red Herring (Smoke Screen)

Repetition

Selected Instances and Suppressed Evidence
(Similar to Card Stacking.)

Slippery Slope

Statistics

Straw Man

Stockholm Syndrome

Testimonial (See Appeal to Authority.)

Total Propaganda

Tradition (See Appeal to Authority.)

Two Wrongs Make a Right

Weasel Words

Writing Skills Tutorial

Writing Skills Homepage and Index

Study Skills Tutorial

Study Skills Homepage and Index

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