One: Session Three
- What kind of person is a critical
thinker? Here is Richard Paul's definition:
[A critical thinker]
is someone who is able to think well and fairmindedly
not just about her own beliefs and viewpoints, but
about beliefs and viewpoints that are diametrically
opposed to her own. And not just to think about them,
but to explore and appreciate their adequacy, their
cohesion, their very reasonableness [when compared
their own. More, a person who thinks critically is
not just willing and able to explore alien, potentially
threatening viewpoints, but she also desires to
do so. She questions her own deeply-held beliefs, and
if there are no opposing viewpoints ready at hand,
she seeks them out or constructs them herself (Paul ii).
- Critical Thinking is a
course in logic. It is sometimes called "informal logic" because
it focuses on everyday reasoning, rather than on detailed symbollic
forms. However, being a critical thinker and being logical
are pretty much the same thing.
Paul, Richard. Critical Thinking: What Every Person Needs to Survive in a Rapidly Changing World. 1st ed. Rohnert Park, CA: Center for Critical Thinking and Moral Critique, 1990. ii. Print.